Identifying predators of artificial plasticine caterpillars

Identifying the predators of artificial plasticine caterpillars can be difficult but quite often possible. I will provide here some examples of marks by different predators in Finland and in Papua New Guinea.

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Tritrophic experiments with plants, herbivorous insects and birds – Part 9: Study about the attraction of birds to pines induced by pine sawfly oviposition

Post about our study of the attraction of birds to pines with pine sawfly oviposition.